Welcome To Fresno, The Sunniest In Southern California
Named after the abundant ash tree along the San Joaquin River and founded in 1872 as a railway station of the Central Pacific Railroad, Fresno is the fifth most populous city in CA and the most populous in the Central Valley. It was incorporated in 1885. The city is the economic hub of Fresno County and San Joaquin valley, with the surrounding areas of the metropolis concentrated mainly on agricultural production.
The Yokuts people were the original inhabitants of the San Joaquin Valley. They were into trading with other Californian tribes (Native Americans) including the coastal people – the Chumash of the Central California coast.
In 1856, the county of Fresno was formed. In 1867, Anthony “McQeen” Easterby purchased a long stretch of land which is now called the Sunnyside district. Due to the lack of water, Easterby hired Moses J. Church to create an irrigation system previously called Fresno Canal and Irrigation Company, and now presently named the Fresno Irrigation District.
In 1877, William Helm lived and bought a five acre tract of land at the corner of R and Fresno streets. He had the largest sheep farm owned by an individual in the county. In 1909, Temple Beth Israel, the first and oldest synagogue, was founded. The population in city grew and by the 2000 census, residents grew to 428,000, a 21 percent increase compared to the past decade.
The 2000 United States Census shows a population density of 4,097.9 people per square mile. Around 40.4% households out of 140,079 had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples, 17.6% had a female owner with no husband, and 7.9% has occupants 65 years or older.
The 2010 census showed a population count of 494,665. In the census report, 485,798 people or 98.2% of the population lived in a house, 4,315 stayed in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4,552 lived in institutions. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%, and rental vacancy was at 7.6%. About 47.6% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units while 50.6% stayed in rental houses.
Formerly known the Fresno Air Terminal, the Fresno Yosemite International Airport (FAT) serves an estimated 1.3 million passengers annually. Built by Works Projects Administration, Fresno Chandler Executive Airport (FCH) is in southwest of Downtown Fresno, which currently serves as general aviation airport.
Amtrak San Joaquins provide passenger rail service, while Santa Fe Railroad Depot is the main passenger rail station. The San Joaquin Valley Railroad operates the Southern Pacific branch lines heading south and west out of the city.